Hunza Holidays

Central Asia

The five Central Asian states (Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan) taken together occupy 2% of total global lands. Formerly part of the USSR, these five countries have become independent in August 1991 after collapse of the Soviet Union. 

For centuries, Central Asia had been playing a role of cradle for many ancient civilizations such as the great states of Bactria, Khorezm, Sogd (Sogdiana) and Parthia. Since 2nd century BC till 16th century AD the Great Silk Road was a major factor contributing to cultural exchange between China on the East and Europe on the West with the Central Asia in between the two as a hub of international trading relations. Many conquerors such as Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan and the Arabian general Kutaibah Ibn Muslim went through these lands with fire and sword sweeping away everything they met in their path.

World-famous genius scientists, enlighteners and poets of medieval - Avicenna, Ulughbek, Navoi and Omar Khayam - were born in this blessed land.

Majestic cities with beautiful palaces, mosques, minarets and madrasahs were erected here over thousand of years ago. Many of them were ruined; yet tourists still have an opportunity to admire many remaining parts of these constructions. Medieval architectural monuments of Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, Shakhrisabz, Merv, Pendjikent, Kunya-Urgench are well-known all over the world. Such "pearls" of ancient architecture as Shakhi-Zinda Ensemble, Bibi Khanum Mosque, Registan Square, Mausoleum of Ismail Samani, Gur-Emir Masoleum, Kalyan Minaret, architectural town-museum "Ichan-Kala" (in Khiva) impress the visitor with their splendour of decorative art and consummate skills of their ceramic artists comparable with that of ancient Egypt, India, China, Greece and Rome. 

 


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